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Texas Mosquitoes

Out of the 200 different species of blood suckers found throughout the United States, eighty-five of them call Texas their home. Are they all dangerous? How can you tell them apart? How do they breed? What diseases do they carry? To better answer these questions we gathered and compiled information into one easy to read infographic that covers six of the most common mosquitoes – that are considered to be public health concerns – in the lone star state.


6 most common mosquitoes in texas

Aedes Albopictus

AKA: Asian Tiger Mosquito

A small, dark mosquito with a white dorsal stripe and banded legs. They are strongly attracted to bite humans, but will feed on cats, dogs and other mammals, as well as birds. They will bite any exposed skin surface. They bite outdoors and indoors, but are usually found outside.

Habitat

Breeds in tree holes , plants, and containers as small as a bottle cap.

Vector

  • Zika
  • West Nile
  • Dengue
  • Yellow Fever
  • Chikungunya

Active

Bites during the day. Active year-round. Can live for up to three weeks.

Culex Quinquefasciatus

Southern House mosquito

A stealthy medium-sized mosquito with a brown body color. While they prefer to bite birds, they may enter homes at night and bite humans. Known as the main carrier of West Nile virus in the United States.

Habitat

Breeds in polluted waters and containers.

Vector

  • Zika
  • West Nile
  • St. Louis Encephalitis

Active

Bites during the evening, nighttime, and early morning hours.

Culex Tarsalis

Western Encephalitis Mosquito

A black mosquito distinguished by a white band on its proboscis (arrowhead). It is the most important carrier of mosquito-borne viruses in the U.S. They prefer to bite birds and mammals. They are strong flyers and may fly up to 2-10 miles away from their breeding site.

Habitat

Breeds in any standing water, agriculture ditches, and poorly drained pastures.

Vector

  • Western Equine Encephalitis
  • St. Louis Encephalitis

Active

Most active in the few hours after sunset.

Aedes Sollicitans

Eastern Saltmarsh Mosquito

A medium-sized mosquito recognizable by the golden color of the upper side of the thorax. They are mammalophilic and therefore prefer mammals as hosts but may also prey on birds. In the south the peak amount of adults occurs in the spring and fall.

Habitat

Breeds in salty or brackish water. Prefers the Gulf coast areas.

Vector

  • Easter Equine Encephalitis
  • Dog Heart worm

Active

Mostly active at twilight but it can be an opportunistic daytime biter.

Psorophora Columbiae

Dark Rice Field Mosquito

A large and dark mosquito with a painful bite. Distinguished by its dark and silver coloring, it prefers livestock and can be found in parts of the county with pastures and livestock. They are excellent flyers that can fly more than 10 miles from their breeding site.

Habitat

Breeds in rice fields and grass fields. Large pastures that flood are prime breeding sites.

Vector

Associated with encephalitis outbreaks.

Active

Anytime during the day when disturbed but prefer the early morning or late afternoon.

Aedes Vexans

Upland Flood Water Mosquito

One of the most widespread mosquitoes in the world and is the #1 pest mosquito in the U.S. It can easily be distinguished by the white bands on the abdomen. During the winter it replaces Aedes Sollicitans as the dominant floodwater species.

Habitat

Breeds in temporary rain-filled pools, roadsides and ditches.

Vector

  • Dog Heart worm

Active

It usually bites during night, dusk, or dawn, however, it will also bite during the day in shaded areas.